Receiving Messages from Amazon SQS Using Node.js


What is Amazon SQS?

Amazon Simple Queue Service (SQS) is a fully managed message queuing service provided by AWS, designed to decouple and scale microservices, distributed systems, and serverless applications. SQS offers two types of message queues: Standard Queues for maximum throughput and At-Least-Once delivery, and FIFO Queues for messages that require exactly-once processing and preservation of order.

SQS is widely adopted for its durability, scalability, and ability to manage high volumes of messages. It's ideal for handling asynchronous communication between different parts of an application, ensuring no message loss and enabling smooth scaling.

Use Cases:

  • Task Queues: Managing tasks asynchronously, such as processing user requests or handling background jobs.
  • Decoupling Components: Separating different parts of an application to work independently, improving modularity and resilience.
  • Buffering: Acting as a buffer to handle request bursts, ensuring that backend systems are not overwhelmed.

Step-by-Step Guide to Receiving Messages from SQS with Node.js


  • Node.js environment setup.
  • aws-sdk package installed (npm install aws-sdk).
  • AWS account with access to SQS.
  • Configured AWS credentials, typically using AWS CLI or environment variables.
  • An existing SQS queue.

Receiving Messages from an SQS Queue

Step 1: Import AWS SDK and Configure SQS Client

Import the AWS SDK and configure the SQS client:

const AWS = require("aws-sdk");

// Configure the region
AWS.config.update({ region: "us-west-2" });

// Create an SQS service object
const sqs = new AWS.SQS({ apiVersion: "2012-11-05" });

Replace 'us-west-2' with your desired AWS region.

Step 2: Specify Your Queue URL

Set the URL of your SQS queue:

const queueURL = "YourQueueUrl";

Replace 'YourQueueUrl' with your actual queue URL.

Step 3: Receive Messages from the Queue

Create a function to receive messages:

const receiveMessages = async () => {
  const params = {
    QueueUrl: queueURL,
    MaxNumberOfMessages: 10,
    VisibilityTimeout: 20, // 20 seconds
    WaitTimeSeconds: 0,

  try {
    const data = await sqs.receiveMessage(params).promise();
    return data.Messages || [];
  } catch (err) {
    console.error("Error", err);
    throw err;
  • MaxNumberOfMessages: The maximum number of messages to return.
  • VisibilityTimeout: The duration (in seconds) the message will be invisible to other queue consumers.
  • WaitTimeSeconds: The duration for which the call waits for a message to arrive.

Step 4: Process and Delete Messages

Process each received message and then delete it from the queue:

const processMessages = async (messages) => {
  for (const message of messages) {
    console.log("Received message:", message.Body);

    // Delete the message
    const deleteParams = {
      QueueUrl: queueURL,
      ReceiptHandle: message.ReceiptHandle,
    await sqs.deleteMessage(deleteParams).promise();

// Example usage


Receiving messages from Amazon SQS in a Node.js application is straightforward and allows for effective handling of asynchronous tasks and inter-service communication. This guide provides a basic framework for integrating SQS message consumption into your Node.js applications, leveraging the AWS SDK.

Utilizing SQS with Node.js enables building scalable, distributed, and resilient systems, making the most of AWS's robust cloud infrastructure.