Receiving Messages from Amazon SQS Using Go


What is Amazon SQS?

Amazon Simple Queue Service (SQS) is a scalable and fully managed message queuing service offered by AWS. It enables the decoupling of distributed system components, facilitating reliable and secure message transfer.

SQS is ideal for handling asynchronous communication between different parts of a system, especially in microservices architectures. It ensures message delivery and processing, which is crucial for maintaining system integrity and performance under varying loads.

Use Cases:

  • Task Queuing: Delegating tasks to be processed asynchronously, such as processing user actions or performing background data analysis.
  • Decoupling System Components: Allowing different parts of a system to operate and scale independently while communicating effectively.
  • Handling Traffic Spikes: Absorbing spikes in application traffic or request volume, providing a buffer to backend services.

Step-by-Step Guide to Receiving Messages from SQS with Go


  • A Go development environment.
  • AWS SDK for Go (aws-sdk-go) installed (go get
  • An AWS account with access to SQS.
  • Configured AWS credentials (usually set up through AWS CLI or environment variables).
  • An existing SQS queue.

Receiving Messages from an SQS Queue in Go

Step 1: Import AWS SDK and Configure SQS Client

Start by importing the AWS SDK and setting up the SQS client:

package main

import (

func main() {
    sess := session.Must(session.NewSessionWithOptions(session.Options{
        SharedConfigState: session.SharedConfigEnable,
    sqsClient := sqs.New(sess)
    // ... remaining steps

Step 2: Define Your Queue URL

Specify the URL of your SQS queue:

queueUrl := "YourQueueUrl"

Replace "YourQueueUrl" with the actual URL of your queue.

Step 3: Receive Messages from the Queue

Create a function to poll messages from the queue:

func receiveMessages(svc *sqs.SQS, queueUrl string) {
    resp, err := svc.ReceiveMessage(&sqs.ReceiveMessageInput{
        QueueUrl:            aws.String(queueUrl),
        MaxNumberOfMessages: aws.Int64(10),
        WaitTimeSeconds:     aws.Int64(20),

    if err != nil {
        fmt.Println("Error receiving messages:", err)

    for _, message := range resp.Messages {
        fmt.Printf("Message: %s\n", aws.StringValue(message.Body))
        // ... processing and deleting messages
  • MaxNumberOfMessages indicates the maximum number of messages to return.
  • WaitTimeSeconds specifies the long-polling interval.

Step 4: Process and Delete Messages

Process each message and then delete it to prevent reprocessing:

for _, message := range resp.Messages {
    // Process the message
    fmt.Printf("Processing message: %s\n", aws.StringValue(message.Body))

    // Delete the message
    _, delErr := svc.DeleteMessage(&sqs.DeleteMessageInput{
        QueueUrl:      aws.String(queueUrl),
        ReceiptHandle: message.ReceiptHandle,
    if delErr != nil {
        fmt.Println("Delete Error", delErr)
    fmt.Println("Message Deleted")

Step 5: Call the Receive Function

Invoke the receiveMessages function within your main function:

func main() {
    // ... (previous setup code)
    receiveMessages(sqsClient, queueUrl)


Receiving messages from Amazon SQS in Go enables your application to process tasks asynchronously and manage communication in distributed systems effectively. This guide outlines the key steps for integrating SQS message reception into your Go applications, leveraging AWS's robust cloud infrastructure.