Using RabbitMQ with Spring Boot

What is RabbitMQ?

RabbitMQ is a popular open-source message broker that facilitates efficient message passing between different components of an application or between different applications. It supports various messaging protocols, most notably AMQP (Advanced Message Queuing Protocol).

RabbitMQ is widely used for its robustness, scalability, and reliability. It's an excellent choice for implementing event-driven architectures, enabling asynchronous processing, and decoupling application components.

Use Cases:

  • Asynchronous Processing: Offloading tasks such as sending emails or processing large data sets.
  • Inter-Service Communication: Allowing microservices to communicate in a loosely coupled manner.
  • Load Balancing: Distributing workload across multiple nodes, improving the performance and reliability of applications.

Step-by-Step Guide for RabbitMQ with Spring Boot


  • Java and Spring Boot
  • RabbitMQ server (Installation Guide)
  • Maven or Gradle for dependency management

Creating a Producer in Spring Boot

Step 1: Set Up Spring Boot Project

Create a new Spring Boot project and add the RabbitMQ starter dependency in your pom.xml or build.gradle.

For Maven:


For Gradle:

implementation 'org.springframework.boot:spring-boot-starter-amqp'

Step 2: Configure RabbitMQ Properties

In or application.yml, add RabbitMQ server details:

Step 3: Implement Message Sending Function

Create a service class to send messages:

import org.springframework.amqp.rabbit.core.RabbitTemplate;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Service;

public class MessageSender {

    private RabbitTemplate rabbitTemplate;

    public void sendMessage(String queueName, String message) {
        rabbitTemplate.convertAndSend(queueName, message);

Step 4: Send a Message from a Controller

Create a REST controller to trigger message sending:

import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.*;

public class MessageController {

    private MessageSender messageSender;

    public String sendMsg(@RequestParam String message) {
        messageSender.sendMessage("myQueue", message);
        return "Message sent!";

Creating a Consumer in Spring Boot

Step 1: Create a Message Listener

Define a method to act as a message listener:

import org.springframework.amqp.rabbit.annotation.RabbitListener;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Component;

public class MessageReceiver {

    @RabbitListener(queues = "myQueue")
    public void receiveMessage(String message) {
        System.out.println("Received: " + message);

Step 2: Run the Application

Start the Spring Boot application. The consumer will automatically listen to the specified queue, and the REST controller can be used to send messages.


Using RabbitMQ with Spring Boot allows for efficient message-driven communication within and across applications. This setup is key for building scalable and decoupled systems.

RabbitMQ's integration with Spring Boot simplifies the implementation of complex messaging functionalities, making it a preferred choice for modern Java applications.