Setting Up a Kafka Producer in Spring

What is a Kafka Producer?

A Kafka Producer is an integral part of Apache Kafka, a distributed streaming platform. It is responsible for publishing messages to Kafka topics. Producers send data to Kafka brokers, where it is then available for consumption by Kafka consumers.

Kafka Producers are widely used for their ability to handle high volumes of data and support real-time processing. They are crucial in various scenarios where timely and reliable transmission of data is key.

Use Cases:

  • Event Logging: Capturing user activity or system behavior in real-time for logging purposes.
  • Data Integration: Sending data from various sources to Kafka, acting as a central hub for data streams.
  • Real-Time Analytics: Producing data that is immediately consumed for real-time analysis, like monitoring and alerting systems.

Setting Up a Kafka Producer in Spring


  • Java (JDK 8 or higher)
  • Spring Boot (2.x or higher)
  • Apache Kafka (Installation guide: Apache Kafka Quickstart)
  • Maven or Gradle (for dependency management)

Step-by-Step Guide

Step 1: Add Dependencies

Add the Spring Kafka dependency to your pom.xml (for Maven) or build.gradle (for Gradle):




implementation 'org.springframework.kafka:spring-kafka:{version}'

Replace {version} with the latest Spring Kafka version.

Step 2: Configure Kafka Producer

In your or application.yml, add the following properties:


Step 3: Create a Kafka Producer Service

Create a service class that will produce messages:

import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.kafka.core.KafkaTemplate;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Service;

public class KafkaProducerService {

    private KafkaTemplate<String, String> kafkaTemplate;

    public void sendMessage(String topic, String message) {
        kafkaTemplate.send(topic, message);

Step 4: Use the Producer Service

Inject the KafkaProducerService into your application components and use it to send messages:

import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.*;

public class MyController {

    private KafkaProducerService producerService;

    public void sendMessage(@RequestParam String message) {
        producerService.sendMessage("myTopic", message);

Step 5: Start Your Spring Boot Application

Run your Spring Boot application. You can now produce messages to Kafka by invoking the REST endpoint.


Setting up a Kafka Producer in Spring enables your application to efficiently publish data to Kafka topics, leveraging Spring's ease of development and Kafka's robust data handling capabilities. This setup allows you to integrate real-time data publishing into your Spring applications seamlessly.

For advanced producer configurations, like custom serializers or producer interceptors, refer to the Spring Kafka Documentation. This guide provides the basic steps to integrate Kafka Producers into your Spring Boot applications.