Setting Up a Kafka Consumer in JavaScript

What is a Kafka Consumer?

A Kafka Consumer is a component of Apache Kafka, a distributed streaming platform, that reads and processes messages from Kafka topics. It allows applications to receive and handle data streamed through Kafka in real time.

Kafka Consumers are crucial in scenarios where timely and efficient processing of large-scale data streams is required. They provide scalable and reliable means to handle data coming from various sources.

Use Cases:

  • Real-Time Data Processing: Consuming and analyzing data streams for immediate insights, such as in monitoring systems or live dashboards.
  • Microservices Communication: Using Kafka as a messaging backbone between different microservices.
  • Log Aggregation: Consuming logs from distributed systems for centralized analysis and alerting.

Setting Up a Kafka Consumer in JavaScript


  • Node.js environment (preferably the latest LTS version)
  • Apache Kafka (Installation guide: Apache Kafka Quickstart)
  • Kafka Node.js client library (like kafkajs)

Step-by-Step Guide

Step 1: Install Kafka Node.js Client

First, install a Kafka client library for Node.js, such as kafkajs:

npm install kafkajs

Step 2: Create Kafka Consumer Configuration

Set up the Kafka consumer configuration in your JavaScript application:

const { Kafka } = require("kafkajs");

const kafka = new Kafka({
  clientId: "my-app",
  brokers: ["localhost:9092"],

const consumer = kafka.consumer({ groupId: "test-group" });

Step 3: Connect and Consume Messages

Write the logic to connect the consumer and consume messages from a Kafka topic:

const run = async () => {
  await consumer.connect();
  await consumer.subscribe({ topic: "myTopic", fromBeginning: true });

    eachMessage: async ({ topic, partition, message }) => {
        value: message.value.toString(),


Step 4: Run Your JavaScript Application

Run your application to start consuming messages from Kafka:

node your-consumer-script.js


Setting up a Kafka Consumer in JavaScript allows you to process streaming data from Kafka efficiently. This guide assists you in integrating Kafka into your JavaScript applications for real-time data consumption.

For advanced consumer configurations and handling, consult the documentation of your chosen Kafka Node.js client library (kafkajs or others). This guide provides the basic steps to get started with Kafka Consumers in JavaScript.